Individual Educational Plan (IEPs)

What is an Individual Education Plan?

An Individual Education Plan (IEP) is a written document prepared for a named student. Specifies the learning goals that are to be achieved by the student over a set period of time and the teaching strategies, resources and supports necessary to achieve those goals.

The Individual Education Plan is developed through a collaborative process involving the school, parents, the student (where appropriate) and other relevant personnel or agencies. It focuses on priority learning needs.  Only those areas of identified need arising from assessment should be covered. The amount of adaptation and support will vary according to the individual learning needs of each student. 


  • Allows the student to progress at a level commensurate with ability
  • Involves collaboration between all partners
  • Focuses teaching strategies
  • Ensures records are kept

IEP Principles:

The IEP is a working document and should be useful, available and comprehensible to all those dealing directly with the student. It needs to be considered in the context of home, school and classroom.  

Effective individual education plans have key characteristics.

These are:

  • Individualised and child-centred
  • Inclusive
  • Holistic
  • Collaborative
  • Accessible

Sources of information:

Home, school and community are important sources of information about the child with special educational needs.