Behaviour Support

Stepping Stones Special School for Children with Autism and Complex Needs’s ethos supports a functional approach to the management of behaviours of concern. A behaviour management system is used to assess the steps appropriate to manage a students’ behaviours of concern. This involves a variety of systematic information-gathering activities.

The aim is to decrease behaviours of concern by adapting the environment, teaching the student skills to strengthen deficit areas and reinforcing appropriate replacement behaviours that serve the same function.

The health and safety of all students and staff is our priority. For this reason, in addition to the positive strategies the school has adopted the Professional Crisis Management (PCM) System.

PCM techniques may be prescribed as part of a comprehensive behaviour support plan for a student with a history of intense levels of behaviours of concern. The on-site behaviour analyst oversees all strategies included in the Behaviour Support Plan.

Behaviour Support Plan (BSP)

Functional assessment data is used to develop an effective and appropriate behaviour change programme outlined in the BSP. The BSP includes; identification of the target behaviour(s) for reduction, the hypothesised function(s) of behaviour, procedures to reduce the motivation to exhibit the behaviour, identification of replacement behaviours to teach, procedures for the management of problem behaviour, schedules of reinforcement and data collection procedures.

Every member of the school community has a role to play in the development and implementation of the BSP. School staff work closely with parents and external professionals and in exceptional circumstances and were deemed appropriate and suitable, the School will engage with parents in the management of behaviours in the home.

The types of activities that students can be engaged in include:

  • Working with small groups of pupils
  • Working alongside individual children
  • Working with children in the community
  • Undertaking group activities
  • Supporting functional independent skills
  • Supporting children to play during playtimes

On-going data collection and analysis are employed to track the successful progress of the strategies within the plan. Regular reviews are conducted with the behaviour analyst, specialist staff and parents.